BRIEF HISTORY OF YOBE STATE
Yobe State came into being on 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria’s largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development. Ethnic rivalries within the old Borno State also contributed to the decision. Yobe is a state located in northeastern Nigeria. A mainly agricultural state, it was created on August 27, 1991. Yobe State was carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe State is Damaturu; its largest city is Potiskum.The state borders four states: Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa. It borders to the north the Diffa and Zinder Regions of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, conditions are hot and dry for most of the year, except in the southern part of the state which has more annual rainfall. nment and very rich agricultural resources as well. The State’s agricultural produce include gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, and cotton. The State also has one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa, located in Potiskum.
ever since the creation of the state, some places have been taken to be a source of tourism to people in the state and around the state. some of it are;
DUFUNA CANOE(AFRICA’S OLDEST CANOE)
The Dufuna Canoe is the oldest boat to be discovered in Africa. It was found in 1987 by a herder of Fulani descent, a little way from the village of Dufuna located in the Fune Local Government Area, sharing borders with the Komadugu Gana River, in Yobe State, Nigeria. The boat is the third oldest known canoe in the world. Radiocarbon dating done on a nearby sample of charcoal to the site puts the canoe date at 8500 to 8000 years old, which connects the site to Lake Mega Chad. The canoe is found in the state capital, Damaturu.
The boat’s age has been given as being 8000 years old (6000 BC). The canoe is classified under the Late Stone Age period (Neolithic Age), a time when humans stopped roaming the face of the earth to hunt and rather became herdsmen and farmers. This led humans to become modifiers to their environment, having complex social structures, in return they were faced with new problems and found avenues to deal whatever challenges arose.
BULA TURA OASES NGURU
This is a sand dune in a semi desert zone near Nguru. It has a scenic beauty of the daunting landscape and the oases in the desert prone areas – northern part.
DOKSHI SPRING WATER
These are located in Gulani Local Government. These sources of spring water gushes both hot and cold water, which emerges from the ground and flows down in two streams meeting at some 56 metres from the sources.
At present, Government has established a Natural Spring Water Bottling Plant, Dofanga Spring Waters Limited.
Located 28 Km south of Buni–Yadi, in Gulani local government area, Dokshi Spring Water is a natural attraction, which offers an exciting view to tourists.
It maintains a constant temperature at the point where the hot and cold spring water meets.
DAGONA BIRD SANCTUARY
Located in Dagona village of Bade LGA, this sanctuary is where birds of different species from Europe and other continents of the world come to roost during winter.
This sanctuary has since been declared a National Park and commissioned in 1990 by Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh.
Tulo-Tulowa is a settlement of Kanuri speaking people, located in Yusufari LGA of the Yobe State and it is a mushy oasis with abundant water in a low valley providing magnificent picturesque view in the desert.“Tulo-Tulo” simply means marshy land with abundant water in Kanuri Language.
The village is located in low valley and surrounded by palm trees between five hills. Tulo-Tulowa came into existence about a century ago when nomadic rearers from Geidam Local Government migrated there in search of greener pastures.The settlement is located near an OASIS on the Desert Island, and about 105km north of Nguru at the desert fingers bordering the Republic of Niger.
The village has other Oasis with reddish undulating landscape, giving it magnificent picturesque scenery. Tulo-Tulowa is endowed with fertile soil and rich mineral resources. Potash, which is also known as black salt (Kanwa) is available in commercial quantities.
Camel caravans could be seen conveying potash to Geidam and Gashua to be exchanged for food stuff. It recalls to memory the ancient Trans-Saharan Trade. Accessibility to Tulo-Tulowa is by 4-wheel drive vehicles.
This is an annual festival of the Ngamo signifying the end of the year of harvest. This festival is celebrated on clan and leanage basis starting with Janga clan around September and later in December the rest of the clans take their turn. It serves as a rallying point for the Ngamo tribe from far and near who converge at home for the celebration. Visitors are entertained through traditional dances and other cultural displays and merriments.
The festival which is an annual event celebrated by some Karai-Karai clans, began during the era of inter-tribal wars of the 17th and 18th centuries before it was later transformed into a festival of social interactions among the Karai-Karai. It therefore serves as a time to offer sacrifices and gratitude to God for the bumper harvest and an opportunity for young men and women to prove their prowess through traditional wrestling dance and other skillful arts.
BADE FISHING AND CULTURAL FESTIVAL
Bade is one of the fourteen (14) emirates in Yobe State located along river Yobe and its tributaries, in the north western part of the state. Fishing is one of the most important human activities after farming in the area. Fishing festivals are performed yearly in every village along the river. The famous one in which the Emir of Bade use to attend was the ‘Kadiran’ at Duwagaru.
Visitors to the festival are entertained through cultural acrobatics and water displays as well as traditional techniques of fishing.