Kebbi is traditionally considered by Sarki mythology as the homeland of the Banza bakwai states and Hausa Kingdoms. According to recent research based on local oral traditions, king lists and on the Kebbi chronicle, the state of Kebbi was founded towards 600 BCE by refugees of the Assyrian empire conquered by Babylonian and Median forces in 612 BCE. A major local event was the conquest by Songhai in the second half of the fifteenth century CE.
It resisted the Fulani jihad of the early 19th-century, but in the later 19th-century the area largely converted to Islam through peaceful means.
It is a state in north-western Nigeria with its capital at Birnin Kebbi. The state was created out of a part of Sokoto State in 1991. It is bordered by Sokoto State, Niger State, Zamfara State, Dosso Region in the Republic of Niger and the nation of Benin. It has a total area of 36,800 km2 (14,200 sq mi).
It was created out of the former Sokoto State on 17 August 1991. The State has a total population of 3,137,989 people as projected from the 1991 census, within 21 Local Government areas.
The state has Sudan and Sahel-savannah. The southern part is generally rocky with the Niger River traversing the state from Benin to Ngaski LGA. The northern part of the state is sandy with the Rima River passing through Argungu to Bagudo LGA where it empties into the Niger. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people especially in rural areas, Crops produced are mainly grains; animal rearing and fishing are also common. Christianity and Islam are the dominant religions of the people. There are 225 political wards, 3000 settlements and 1036 hard to reach settlements in the 21 Local Government Areas in the State.
It is mainly populated by the Hausa people and Zarma people, with some members of Fulani, Lelna, Bussawa, Dukawa, Dakarkari, Kambari, Gungawa and Kamuku ethnic communities.
The people of Kebbi are predominantly Muslims who practice Islam as a religion.
ARGUNGU INTERNATIONAL FISHING FESTIVAL
The Argungu international fishing festival is both a natural attraction in Kebbi State and a travel destination. The yearly event attracts people from all over Nigeria and beyond, and it is a four-day cultural event that comes to a head with the fishing festival in the Matan Fada river where any fisherman that catches the biggest fish is rewarded.
The fishermen are given only one hour to come up with the biggest catch of the season, and nearly a thousand men jump into the river with their gourds and nets to fish after the gun signal. The annual event apart from the fishing festival also features musical, cultural, and sporting events.
On the final day of the festival, a competition is held in which thousands of men line up along the river and at the sound of a gunshot, all of them jump into the river and have an hour to catch the largest fish.
The winner can take home as much as $7,500 US dollars. Competitors are only allowed to use traditional fishing tools and many prefer to catch fish entirely by hand (a practice also popular elsewhere and known as “noodling”) to demonstrate their prowess.
UHOLA FESTIVAL in Zuru Emirate; this is a yearly festival of thanks given to God for spearing their lives. The festival is normally held around December/ January in all towns and villages of Zuru Area.
It is at this festival that some age group teenage boys are considered matured to go into manhood while some age groups of girls also were considered matured to go into woman-hood.
The festival takes two to three days of colorful events such as: Dances, Music, Wrestling exhibition of works of art and crafts. It holds in the ancient cities of Zuru area.
During this festival, the local populace moves to the ancient city which is normally situated at a hilly area, because of defense against invaders.
KARISHI TRADITIONAL SETTLEMENT
The traditional settlements in Karishi are always a delight to behold during visits.
Karishi is located in Sakaba local government area of the state. The settlement is very hilly and the people remain largely very traditional.
The hill-dwelling people rarely come down for anything and their king or ruler is never seen except once within a year during a particular festival.
The settlements are fenced round and watchmen are always on guard to keep the settlements against invaders.
ABDULLAHI FODIO TOMB
Abdullahi Fodio was the brother of Sheikh Usman Dan Fodio, the great jihadist of the 9th century. At his death, Abdullahi was buried in Gwandu, in Gwandu LGA, and his tomb remains a tourist attraction for centuries since then.
Abdullahi also participated in the jihad fought by his brother, and he ruled the Gwandu Empire which he helped establish until his death in the 19th century. His descendants continue to rule the town till today.
The Kanta Museum is located in Argungu and is situated close to the main market. It was the Emir’s palace from around 1831 to about 1942, but it was converted to a museum in 1958.
The museum showcases the history of Argungu and its environs and peoples, and it portrays the ways of life of the people through arts and crafts among other artefacts.
The Girmache shrine is located in Zuru, Zuru local government area of Kebbi State.
The shrine is more or less a grove because thick trees and water inhabited by crocodiles dominate the area, and local people come around to worship and offer sacrifices to the gods of the shrine and present gifts to the crocodiles.