BRIEF HISTORY OF KANO STATE
Prior to the creation of Kano State in 1967, it was the largest Hausa Kingdom in Africa that is currently 1000 years old, based on an ancient settlement around Dala Hill. According to the Kano Chronicle, Bagauda, a grandson of the mythical hero Bayajidda. became the first king of Kano in 999AD, reigning until 1063AD. Muhammad Rumfa ascended to the throne in 1463 and reigned until 1499.
During his reign he reformed the city, expanded the Sahelian Gidan Rumfa (Emir’s Palace), and played a role in the further Islamization of the city as he urged prominent residents to convert. The Hausa state remained independent until the Fulani conquest of 1805. At the beginning of the 19th century, Fulani Islamic leader Usman Dan Fodio led a jihad affecting much of northern Nigeria, leading to the emergence of the Sokoto Caliphate. Kano became the largest and most prosperous province of the empire.
In March, 1903 after a scanty resistance, the Fort of Kano was captured by the British, It quickly replaced Lokoja as the administrative centre of Northern Nigeria. It was replaced as the centre of government by Zungeru and later Kaduna and only regained administrative significance with the creation of Kano State following Nigerian independence in 1960.
After independence, Kano state was created in 1967 from the then Northern Nigeria by the Federal military government. The first military police commissioner, Audu Bako, is credited with building a solid foundation for the progress of a modern society. Most of the social amenities in the state are credited to him. The first civilian governor was Abubakar Rimi. The current governor of Kano State is Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje OFR, elected in 2015 and also re-elected 2019 under the platform of All Progressives Congress Party.
Kano State is the second-largest industrial Centre after Lagos State in Nigeria and the largest in Northern Nigeria with textile, tanning, footwear, cosmetics, plastics, enamelware, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, furniture and other industries. Others include agricultural implements, soft drinks, food and beverages, dairy products, vegetable oil, animal feeds etc. Kano is also the center of a growing Islamic banking industry in Nigeria. Ever since the creation of the state, some places has been named as tourist centres. Some of it are;
GIDAN MAKAMA MUSEUM KANO
Gidan Makama Museum was built in 1953to preserve the rich history of Kano. It is notable as the home of past Emir’s of Kano.
Built by Lord Lugard in 1953.
The Gidan Makama Museum also known as Kano museum is a time capsule with displays of traditional materials, city walls, maps of Kano, the history of statehood, It exhibits Kano in the 19th century, its Civil War, economy, traditions, industry and music.
This building served as temporary palace of Kano before the current palace Gidan Rumfa was constructed in the 15th century The museum has a significant collections of arts, crafts and items of historic interest related to the Kano area. Located in a 15th-century historical building, which is recognized as a National Monument by the Government of Nigeria.
The museum is divided into 11 galleries, each with their own centre of focus. Galleries include the Zaure or the main entrance hall with displays of traditional materials, city walls and maps of Kano, the history of statehood, Kano in the 19th century, the Civil War, economy, industry and music.
An open space inside the museum acts as a performance stage for a Koroso dance and drama group.
The Gidan Rumfa, sometimes called the Gidan Sarki (“Emir’s house”), is the palace of the Emir of Kano. Located in the city of Kano, Kano State, Nigeria, it was constructed in the late 15th century. Since the reign of Rumfa, it has continuously been the residence of the traditional authority in Kano and was retained by the Fulani jihadists who took over traditional authority in Kano in the early 19th century. It currently has an area of 33 acres (130,000 m2).
Gidan Rumfa was built in the late 15th century on the outskirts of the town of Kano. The new building extended the reach of the town and also led to the establishment of the Kurmi market.
The structure is rectangular in shape and its landscape ecology can be divided into three classifications: open spaces, gardens and living quarters/built up areas. Structures within the living quarters and built up areas include the Kofar Kudu or Southern gate, offices, mosque, Soron ingila (English hall), royal courtrooms, a primary and secondary school and living quarters.
Gidan Rumfa houses the Emir and his wives, children and aides. The population resident in the Emir’s private quarters numbers up to 200, while more than a thousand individuals live within the structure. The space surrounding the structure is dominated by gardens.
ADO BAYERO MALL
Ado Bayero Mall was built in 2014 a central venue providing shoppers with a unique blend of shopping and entertainment.
Built by Alphine Group of Africa in 2014.
People of Kano like to mix business with pleasure and no better place to do it as Nigeria’s largest mall, Ado Bayero Mall.
While at Ado Bayero mall some of the things you can do are shop, watch movies, eat out, play game and snap pictures.
It is sited in the commercial hub of Kano and so it is very accessible. It is a lovely and exciting place to hang out with friends and family. It is a lovely and exciting place to hang out with friends and family.
MALLAM AMINU KANO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport is the oldest in Nigeria and the first aircraft landed in Nigeria was landed in Kano in 1922, with operations starting in 1936. In the first decades of operation, it became an important fuel stop for airlines flying long-haul services between Europe and Africa.
Newer aircraft did not need such fuel stops and, with the demise of the Kano economy in the late 20th century, many international airlines stopped serving the airport. When they indefinitely suspended services to Kano in June 2012, KLM was the only European airline serving Kano, which they had done without interruption since 1947.
The airport serves civilian and military flights. Runway 06/24 is mainly used for civilian flights, while runway 05/23 primarily serves the Nigerian Air Force base at the south side of the airport. Runway 05/23 was in use for all operations when the main runway was rehabilitated in the beginning of the 21st century.
The terminal facilities lie between the two runways.
ANCIENT KANO CITY WALL
The Ancient Kano City Walls were built as a defensive wall with the construction of the foundation laid by Sarki Gijimasu (r. 1095–1134), the third king of the Kingdom of Kano in the Kano Chronicle.
In the mid 14th century during the reign of Zamnagawa, the wall was completed before it was further expanded during the 16th century.
According to historians, the then General-Governor of the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria, Fredrick Lugard, wrote in a 1903 report about the Kano Walls that he had “never seen anything like it in Africa” after capturing the ancient city of Kano along with British forces.
KANO POLO CLUB
Kano Polo Club (KPC) is among the oldest international sport club in the northern Nigeria established for the promotion of polo sports, horse riding, other field games and international tournaments in Nigeria.
Polo is a game where man and horse come together to display prowess in the field game. The club is famous for its wins and tournaments.
Polo is a game where man and horse come together to display prowess in the field game. The club is famous for its wins and tournaments. At night, there are local bars around and inside the club grounds that offer local delicacies and drinks along with entertainment and viewing pleasure. Kano Polo Club is a recommended spot to visit and hang out if you are vacationing in Kano State.
KANO GOLF CLUB
Kano golf club is one of the oldest golf clubs in Nigeria. It is situated at Murtala Mohammed way, Kano and was established in 1908. This golf club is a must visit by any golf lover that is visiting Kano for the first time.
You don’t have to know how to play golf to visit this place, you can also visit just to see the game played.
Marathon running, like golf, is a game for players, not winners. That is why Callaway sells golf clubs and Nike sells running shoes.
But running is unique in that the world’s best racers are on the same course, at the same time, as amateurs, who have as much chance of winning as your average weekend warrior would scoring a touchdown in the NFL.
Its a nice place to be always. Home of exercise and sports villar. It’s absolutely beautiful during the raining season. It’s also a good place to go jogging or long distance walking.
GREAT MOSQUE OF KANO
Great Mosque of Kano was built in the 15th Century. It is notable as as one of the oldest mosques in the country, having existed for close to 500 years.
Built by Muhammad Rumfa in the 15th Century.
This ancient edifice lies in the second most populous city in Nigeria. It is an architectural masterpiece that regularly draws thousands of tourists and Islamic scholars a year.
This place is an ideal destination for Islamic faithfuls who would like to take part in the ancient history of Islam in the country.
BASHIR UTHMAN TOFA MOSQUE
The Bashir Tofa mosque is regarded as the most beautiful mosque in Nigeria.
This grand edifice lies in the ancient state of Kano, and it’s breathtaking magnificence does more than brighten up the city.
The four spires that cradles the mosque can be seen a way of, welcoming one with its imposing presence.
This place of prayer is ideal for the faithful who seeks a bit of aesthete as a backdrop for their supplication.
KOFAR MATA DYING PITS
The Kofar Mata Pits are a part of the history of the ancient city of Kano.
These pits that date back 5 centuries ago, during the golden age of Kano when it rivaled the riches of Timbuktu, gave Kano its place as a top textile manufacturer.
Textiles are dyed in these pits, with various aesthetically pleasing designs. Kofar Mata Dyeing Pits was built in 1498.
The city of Kano had always been an attraction, and the Kofar Mata adds to the historical significance of the city. The pits used to be host to many merchants who would come from across the Sahara desert to purchase textile.
A tourist will experience, firsthand, the process of dyeing fabric, and may even purchase one of the finished works for a small stipend.
Tiga Dam was built in 1974. Built by Gov. Audu Bako in 1974.
The Tiga Dam provides irrigation for the farmers of Kano. It is a major reservoir on the Kano River, the main tributary of the Hadejia River.
The dam was built during the administration of Governor Audu Bako in an attempt to improve food security through irrigation projects. The reservoir provides irrigation for farmers, and shallow lake where one may wade and relax.
DALA HILL KANO
Dala hill is considered the first settlement of Kano people. Legend has it that the top of the hill serves as a worship ground for the Maguzawa (initial inhabitants of Hausa land). Barbushe, the then chief priest in charge of the ground, is said to be the mediator between the people and Tsumburbura, the goddess to whom they owe reverence.
Remarkably, Dala hill still holds some of that awe even now given the fact that the ancient people were not allowed to climb the hill.
Experience Kano from a higher elevation. Form he top of the hill, you can see much of the city. It is 534 meters high. There are also 999 steps on the hill. In the seventh century, The hill was the settlement of a community that engaged in iron-working.
Dala hill gives a magnificent view of Kano, with the rooftops giving off a bucolic ambience.
AUDU BAKO ZOO
Kano Zoo also known as Audu Bako Zoological Garden is one the first and largest Zoo in Nigeria. It is located at zoo road and was built by the late military governor of Kano State Audu Bako.
It was opened 13th day of November 1972. It covers an area of 46 hectares with a collection of morethan 60 species, comprising 200-300 specimens Some of the animal includes Lion, Elephant, Monkeys, Antelope, and Varieties of Birds etc.
People from different parts of Nigeria and around the globe pay visit to this historic zoo either for recreational activities or for educational and research reasons.
The zoo is visited mostly during the Eid Celebrations. There are various shops where food and snacks are sold. Also, the zoo is very large so get ready for a long walk. It also has a recreational space for children.
ROXY AMUSEMENT PARK KANO
Roxy amusement park is situated in the ancient city of Kano, provides a modern environment for kids and adult alike to let off some steam and have fun.
It is notable as a hub for children and families to have fun.
Give your kids a treat and forever own their adoration. Roxy Amusement Park will do the trick.
With various rides and activities available at the park, the children are sure to have a great time and adults aren’t left out either.
PORTO GOLF RESORT
It is located at the commercial nerve center of northern Nigeria, Kano State which is the second-largest city in Nigeria, precisely in Minjibri Local Government Area, WASAI.
The resort attracts both local and international tourists. It provides different amenities like Golf Course, Polo ground, marine site, gardens and children playing ground, event centers as well as conference halls, accommodations and many other activities.
Get away from the day bustle and relax at the Porto Golf Resort in Kano. The beautiful resort offers beautiful scenery which consists of a lake, lush greenery, and a calm environment.
The scenery is breathtaking. The park melds the beauty of nature with modernity, making it a perfect spot to rest.
HILLS AND VALLEY AMUSEMENT PARK KANO
Hills and valleys amusement park is a nice place for the entire family. It is situated at KM 8 Dawakin Kudu Road, Kano and features lots of activities that will keep kids excited.
Hills and Valleys amusement park is one place in Kano that you can visit with your entire family if you are trying to have fun together.
ALLIANCE FRANCAISE KANO
This is a non-profit French language and cultural centre with a goal to teach French in Kano, publicize the French culture in Kano and foster cultural diversity through the promotion of all cultures.
They provide a range of services to promote cultural diversity in Kano such as organization of cultural events, provision of resources about France and the French speaking community, and also teach French language.
It features a resource center with internet access which has all the documents needed for learning outside the classroom. They also organize platforms for rising and upcoming artists and performers to showcase their talents with an aim to stimulate the cultural scene in Kano.
BRITISH COUNCIL KANO
This is the United Kingdom’s international organization for cultural relations here in Kano building links between citizens of the United Kingdom and Nigeria.
Building mutually beneficial relationships between people in Kano and its environs and the UK, the British Council’s activities are delivered through Arts, Education, English and Society business units as well as a thriving exams unit providing opportunities for thousands of citizens to acquire globally recognized qualifications.
They connect the UK and Kano school sectors to enrich education, promote global citizenship and build international trust and understanding by fostering dialogue and international partnerships between higher education institutions and organizations and helping students who want to study abroad.
NATIONAL ORTHOPAEDIC HOSPITAL DALA-KANO
National Orthopaedic Hospital, Dala-Kano was established in 1959. This is a two hundred and sixty bed hospital purpose built to provide Orthopaedic and Trauma Care in Northern Nigeria.
Serving the nation for over 55 years in the field of Trauma and Orthopedic surgery, the hospital includes a team of experienced trauma and orthopedic surgeons, nurses, physiotherapists and many other clinical support staff who are committed to providing the best patient care possible.
The services rendered extend to all the Northern states and to neighboring countries like Niger and Chad. After its establishment, this hospital subsequently evolved into a training institution with the establishment of a School of Post-Basic Orthopedic Nursing in 1965. The hospital is continually rehabilitated and expanded to better its service delivery in line with evolving technology and practices.
A secondary medical facility, people from all over the country get referred here because of the specialized expert care the hospital is known for. The facilities are well managed and they are also well-equipped with medical equipment not found in other hospitals.
GIDAN DAN HAUSA MUSEUM KANO
Located in Kano State, Gidan Dan Hausa played an important role in the modernization of northern Nigeria, but only a few know the history behind this beautiful building. Gidan Dan Hausa is said to be more than 250 years old, and was originally owned by a local chief responsible for managing the Emir’s farmland.
The name Gidan Dan Hausa literally means ‘The Son of Hausa residence” in Hausa, it became the birth place of western education in northern Nigeria.
As Kano’s first colonial residency, it was here that the English language was first taught in the North of Nigeria by Hanns Vischer, a British Educational Officer who was its first British resident in 1908. He taught all the young princes of the Kano Emirate how to speak and write in English and was given the traditional title Dan Hausa, meaning ‘Son of Hausa.’
Available records show that the school, which started with 30 pupils in 1909, had a student population of 209 in 1913 with students drawn from the 11 Northern provinces.
Its significance goes beyond its architectural design, which is one of its most interesting features and an outstanding example of Hausa mud-walled architecture. The fact that it still remains standing to this day shows how accomplished the architects of that era were.
NIGERIAN AIR FORCE BASE KANO
This is the state base of the air arm of the Nigerian Armed Forces. Located close to the Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport, it uses the airport for its operations and drills.
The base features military offices for the Nigerian Air Force. It also features housing accommodations for the various military personnel and their families. There are also healthcare centers, religion centers and educational centers for the air force personnel.
It is a serene and quiet place. Apart from the guarantee of safety, one also enjoys the orderliness and abundant military disciple displayed on the base. It is kept clean and noise is kept at a bare minimum.
The health centers are also relatively cheaper and less crowded than private and public hospitals respectively.