BRIEF HISTORY OF ENUGU STATE

Enugu, usually referred to as Enugu State to distinguish it from the city of Enugu, is a state in southeastern Nigeria, created in 1991 from part of the old Anambra State. Its capital [8] and largest city is Enugu, from which the state derives its name. The principal cities in the state are Enugu, Ohum, Ezeagu, Ngwo, Nsukka, Agbani, Awgu and Udi.

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF UNITY

Established shortly after the civil war, so as to engender unity. The Enugu Museum houses a variety of relics from the Stone Age through to the postcolonial era. Military artefacts from the Biafra War can be seen at the museum. The National Museum of Unity, Enugu is an outstation of the National Commission for Museums and Monuments. The Enugu outstation was proposed for establishment in Nigeria in 1972, three years after the end of the Nigerian Civil War (1967-1970). The goals were to (a) procure, preserve and maintain artefacts from the Nigerian Civil War and (b) document and exhibit indigenous culture of the Igbos aimed at promoting national understanding and (c) promote appreciation of Nigeria’s heterogenous culture as a basis to encourage love and peaceful coexistence in Nigeria.

Seven years later, a decree was published to give effect to the proposal to set up the Museum (Decree No. 77 of 1979). Among other objects, the enabling law empowers the museum to take custody of, oversee and maintain declared and private monuments in the national interest for the purpose of repairing or protecting such monuments or artifacts for a period agreed to between the owner and the commission. It took 27 years (2006) before the museum was finally commissioned during the civilian administration of President Olusegun Obasanjo.

SERVICES: The services provided by the Museum are grouped in three galleries:

(a) THE UNITY GALLERY presents objects and artefacts illustrating some common concepts in the belief system of the various ethnic groups of Nigeria;

(b) THE IGBO GALLERY showcases artifacts reflecting the Igbo worldview through architectural, religious, political, social and economic systems of the Igbo people; and

(c) ENUGU, THE COAL CITY GALLERY presents artifacts showing the growth and development of Enugu City arising from the discovery of coal.

OPENING HOURS: Monday to Friday, 9.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m.

AWHUM WATERFALL AND CAVE

Surrounded by a breath-taking scenery, this 30-meter-high waterfall cascades through an evergreen vegetation as well alive with varieties of biological species including wild animals and a wide variety of birds. Located close to a monastery, its water is believed to have therapeutic effects and curative powers. A section of the fall is warm through the season.

In the spirit of tourism, we shall today concern ourselves with one of the most unique, humbling, and mysterious tourist centres in Nigeria- Ohum (Awhum) waterfall.

Ohum waterfall, which is officially known as Awhum waterfalls, is situated at Amaugwe village of Awhum town in Udi Local Government Area, Enugu state.

The valley town which also boasts of numerous pristine lakes, some of them with beautiful white sand beaches is located about 24 kilometers from Enugu and it is bounded on the north by Okpatu, in the east by Nike, in the south by Ukana and in the west by Egede communities.

But, separating the town of Awhum from her bounded communities are beautiful rolling grassy hills, majestically adorned in green.Also, the mystic auras from Awhum’s caves emits on her a unique kind beauty.

However, the graceful Awhum waterfalls was birthed as a result of massive outcrop of granite rock with water cascading over the top, forming a stream. The waterfall is 30 metres high and it is famed to have both healing powers and the capability of dispelling satanic or evil forces. It is for these reasons the falls have become a place of Christian pilgrimage and a prayer centre. Amazingly, a section of the waterfall stays warm throughout the seasons. It mostly rains from April to September, it is dry from December to March. The average daytime temperature is 28 degrees and the night time temperature is 23 degrees. And, in terms of safety, Awhum’s waterfall is a safe location for tourists.

NGWO CAVES, WATERFALL AND PINE FOREST

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So apparently, Enugu is filled with caves and more caves. To get to the Ngwo Cave takes you on a trek amongst the trees of the pristine Ngwo Pine Forest. The valley floor is tiled by a gently flowing stream of spring water.

A narrow but high opening leads into the crevice and the loud splashing of the waters of the raging crystal clear waters announces your arrival. The Ngwo Cave has been naturally sculpted in limestone rocks and is bedecked by an enchanting waterfall dropping down from a small opening at the roof of the cave. The fall forms a shallow pool at the cave floor and flows out as a small stream. Just behind the big mass of rock in which the cave is emplaced, there are more caves carefully tucked into the rock, some within reach and others needing a good climb to access.

The water fall also has warm and hot water that comes out together from one source.

EZEAGU TOURIST COMPLEX

With a 3-kilometer cave (yes, another cave), cold and warm spring, waterfall, and a pretty lake within 30 minutes’ drive of the city center. Great place for picnics and a swim. It is notable as being a premium tourist destination. Waterfall, beautiful foilage, lake,spring, caves and tunnels are some of the features that sets out Ezeagu tourist complex as a premium tourist destination. Take a thirty minutes’ drive from the city to come see the Ezeagu waterfall known as Ogbagada which is believed to have curative effects and is also said to signal the beginning of harmattan.

Located in the Southern central area of Enugu State, the Ezeagu Tourist Complex is a half hour drive from the state capital and sits in an area of outstanding natural beauty. The complex features exotic foliage, a beautiful waterfall, a natural spring and lake and a three-kilometer-long cave full of tunnels and chambers.

UGWUEME AND UDI HILLS

Udi hills is the site of the first coal mine in Enugu, opened in 1915 but later replaced with the Iva Valley Mine in 1917. Under the Udi Hills are the coal mines, there also are tunnels for tourists to explore. Ugwueme and Udi hills are about one hundred meters above sea level and is the perfect site for picnics. Udi hill is also referred to as the Ugwueme and Udi hills. These hills are known to rise hundreds of metres above sea level. In 1915, Udi hill was the site of the first coal mine to be opened in Nigeria. It was eventually closed two years later but replaced with the Iva Valley mine. At the time when the mine was in full operations, Enugu was reputed to be the only significant producer of coal in the West African sub-region. Today, the tunnels beneath the hills where coals were mined are now tourist attractions, playing hosts to visitors from all over the world. So, if you’ll love to see what a coal mine looks like, then Enugu is the way to go. Either you are climbing the hill or exploring the mine tunnels, the Udi experience is such a beautiful one you are not likely to forget in a hurry.

The Ugwueme and Udi Hills are hills about hundreds of meters above sea level. These hills are good for mountaineering and landscape admiration points. Underneath the Udi hills are the coal mines. There are also beautiful tunnels for tourist sites. The surrounding landscape is a marriage of various land forms with unique weather condition and exotic vegetation. The cave has several tunnels branching out in different directions. Some of the tunnels are inter-connected, often opening up into large chambers which are two to three high and up to ten metres wide. Enugu is a mainland state in southeastern Nigeria. Its capital is Enugu, from which the state – created in 1991 from the old Anambra State – derives its name. The principal cities in the state are Enugu, Agbani, Awgu, Udi, Oji-River, and Nsukka.

MILKEN HILLS

About 100 meters above sea level, offering beautiful standpoint for a panoramic view of Enugu metropolis, especially at dawn and dusk. The hill was named after one of the earliest colonial administrators in Enugu. The first road into Enugu city winds through the foot of the hill bounded by a deep gully. Underneath the hills are relics of coal mines and its beautiful tunnels. Beneath the Milken hills is the Iva valley. The hills are good for mountaineering. Milliken hill is in Ngwo, a village on the outskirt of Enugu City; it is 100 meters above sea level, offering a beautiful standpoint for a panoramic view of Enugu metropolis, especially at dawn and dusk. The road winds through the foot of the hill bounded by a deep gully. Underneath the hills are relics of coal mines and its beautiful tunnels. Beneath the Milken hills is the Iva valley. The hills are good for mountaineering. However, drivers are advised to drive with caution through the meandering roads.

A tour on the road introduces a first-time user to the beautiful green nature of Enugu. An experience described by many as a natural roller costar. The road further leads to New Market, the largest market in Enugu, to Polo park shopping mall on Abakaliki Road, currently the biggest mall In West Africa. The road also leads to the famous Pine forest, a forest that harbors rows of pine trees to form a natural canopy, ideal for picnickers; the natural carpet of pine leaves makes this more interesting as it can serve as a natural blanket.

Also, if you enjoy hiking, you can hike down to the valley where a waterfall within a natural cave makes for a good feast for the eyes.

ANI OZALLA LAKE

The Ani Ozalla Lake and Shrine is a natural lake located at Ozalla in Nkanu West LGA near Enugu where crocodiles which are regarded as goddesses appear from the lake at the command of the chief priest to take offerings from supplicants. Tourists who will like to see the crocodiles most come with a fowl, palm wine and kola nuts which the chief priest offers to the crocodiles. There are other rules that must be adhered to before visiting the lake.

POLO PARK MALL

Located in Enugu City, Polo Park Mall is more than your average shopping mall. With a Ferris Wheel right in front, it’s worth a visit. It also has the usual mall set up. Food courts, supermarkets and various shopping outlets.

The Polo Park Mall is a shopping mall in central Enugu, in Enugu State, Nigeria. The mall was opened by the Persianas Group and the Enugu State Government on September 15, 2011. It has a total retail area of 242,000 sq. ft (22,500 m2) and is classified as a “first world class shopping mall” in Nigeria.

NNAMDI AZIKIWE STADIUM

Nnamdi Azikiwe Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Enugu, Nigeria. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of Enugu Rangers. The stadium has a capacity of 22,000 and the stadium was named after the first president of the Republic of Nigeria, Dr. Benjamin Nnamdi Azikiwe. The stadium, which previously had natural grass, now has an artificial turf and a new video matrix scoreboard. These, and other refurbishing works, were designed to give the stadium a more modern and technologically driven edifice because it was one of the hosting stadiums of FIFA U-17 World Cup Nigeria 2009. Nnamdi Azikiwe Stadium used to belong to the Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC). Until then it was the most flamboyant playing facility in Enugu. As far back as 1959, the facility was the sports ground of the corporation, the Eastern District. This is not surprising as the corporation was in the forefront of the promotion of sports during and even after the colonial era. As time went on, apparently because of its strategic location right at the heart of Enugu, the defunct Eastern Nigeria Government took over the management of the venue and raised its profile.

The stadium continued to serve as the rallying point for sportsmen and women residents in the eastern region, until the outbreak of the Nigeria/Biafra civil war. It was refurbished after the civil war with hostel facilities to accommodate athletes. It also housed the state’s sports council.

Rangers International of Enugu were also founded at the time and made the stadium their home base. The image of Rangers loomed large in the 1970s, particularly because of the impressive results they posted shortly after forming.

There was, thereafter, clamour to rebuild the facility. This led to teamed efforts by the then old Anambra State Government in partnership with the private sector to raise funds for the rebuilding of the stadium, which was inaugurated in 1986. Thirteen years after, the stadium was refurbished again to pave way for the staging of the FIFA U-20 World Cup Nigeria 1999. It staged important matches including Nigeria’s loss to Mali in the quarter-finals. The stadium, which previously had natural grass, now has an artificial turf and a new videomatrix scoreboard. These, and other refurbishing works, were designed to give the stadium a more modern and technologically driven edifice because it was one of the hosting stadiums of FIFA U-17 World Cup Nigeria 2009.It hosted matches in Group D, which comprises Turkey, Costa Rica, Burkina Faso and New Zealand at the FIFA U-17 World Cup Nigeria 2009.

ENUGU GOLF CLUB

The club has a beautiful and challenging 18 holes course with a year-round season which has been become a solid attraction to guest and residents. It also contains a clubhouse and a well-stocked bar. Enugu Golf Course is located at 11 Park Avenue, Enugu just about 2 kilometers away from Park Lane Hospital. An ideal place for golf tourism, the golf club is an 18 holed, 330 meters (360 yards) green international standard Golf club. Enugu Golf Club plays host to both local and international tournaments in collaboration with Golf Associations around the country. An ideal place for relaxation during and after the tournament, the club has a beautiful 18-hole golf course with an all year-round season which has been become a solid attraction for both locals and tourists alike.

Enugu Golf Club also features a clubhouse and a well-stocked bar.

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