Nigeria’s first political party was the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP).

Herbert Macaulay founded the Nigerian Council in 1923 to take advantage of the new Clifford Constitution, which replaced the 1914 Nigerian Council. The NNDP was successful in bringing together multiple Lagos interest groups into a single political force. In the 1922 elections for the Lagos Legislative Council, the (NNDP) fielded a large number of candidates, winning three seats. In the elections of 1923, 1928, and 1933, the party won all of the seats. Though the party’s primary goal was to elect candidates to the legislative council, it also had a broader goal of promoting democracy in Nigeria and increasing Nigerian participation in the country’s social, economic, and educational development.

Augustus Akinloye, a party member, later became chairman. The party dominated politics in Lagos until 1938, when it was defeated in elections by the Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM).

The name of the party was chosen by Samuel Akintola in 1964 as part of the process of deposing the left-wing Action Group led by Obafemi Awolowo from power in the Western Region.

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