The National Examination Council (also known as NECO) is a Nigerian examination body that administers the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE), General Certificate in Education (GCE), and Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE), which are the primary examinations used to qualify students for admission to secondary and vocational schools in Ghana and Nigeria. It is written three years after graduating from junior high.

In April 1999, Abdulsalami Abubakar’s military administration issued a decree establishing the National Examinations Council (NECO). NECO was charged with taking over the National Board of Education Measurement’s functions (NBEM). The first exam was held in the mid-2000s.

When Abubakar M. Gana led it, he was appointed by the President in compliance with Section 9(1) of its establishing Act. It is organized into six departments, each managed by a director. Each Department is divided into divisions, which are further divided into units. The governing board is chaired by chair Abubakar Mohammed and consists of directors and a registrar.

Nigeria offers six years of elementary school, three years of junior secondary school, three years of senior secondary school, and four years of university education. While mathematics and the English language are required in most higher education courses, others do not.

Students in their sixth year of basic school take the NECO test to be admitted to Federal Unity Colleges. Two examinations are held each year.

Due to low and average passing rates from candidates across the country, the Nigerian federal government was claimed to be intending to remove the National Examination Council (NECO) from the Nigerian education system on July 15, 2013. The administration immediately discredited Mr. Nyesom Wike, the then-minister of education.

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