This is a list of  Governors and Administrators of Kaduna State. Kaduna State was created on 27 May 1967 as North Central State and on 17 Mar 1976 was renamed Kaduna State.


 1. Abba Kyari OON (23 September 1952 – 17 April 2020) served as Chief of Staff to the President of Nigeria from August 2015 to April 2020.


In office 27 August 2015 – 17 April 2020


Muhammadu Buhari Preceded by Jones Arogbofa


Born 23 September 1952 Borno, Northern Region, British Nigeria (now Borno State, Nigeria)

Died 17 April 2020 (aged 67) Lagos, Nigeria

SPOUSE(s) Hajiya Kulu Kyari


EDUCATION University of Warwick, University of Cambridge

ALMA MATER Nigerian Law School, International Institute for Management Development

AWARDS – Order of the Niger


Kyari was born on 23 September 1952, to a Kanuri family from Borno. He was educated in St. Paul’s College in Wusasa, and later considered joining the Nigerian Army following advice from Mamman Daura and Ibrahim Tahir. In 1976, he met General Muhammadu Buhari who was then Governor of Borno State.

He graduated with a bachelor’s degree in sociology from the University of Warwick in 1980, and also obtained a law degree from the University of Cambridge.[5] Kyari was called to the Nigerian Bar in 1983 after attending the Nigerian Law School.

In 1984, he obtained a master’s degree in law from the University of Cambridge. He later attended the International Institute for Management Development in Lausanne, Switzerland, and in 1992 and 1994 participated in the Harvard Business School’s Program for Leadership Development.


See the source image

Kyari worked for the law firm Fani-Kayode and Sowemimo for some time after his return to Nigeria.

From 1988 to 1990, he was Editor with the New Africa Holdings Limited Kaduna. He also served as a Commissioner for Forestry and Animal Resources in Borno State in the 1990s.

From 1990 to 1995, Kyari was the secretary to the board of the African International Bank Limited, a subsidiary of Bank of Credit and Commerce International.

Kyari was an executive director in charge of management services at the United Bank for Africa, and was later appointed the chief executive officer. In 2002, he was appointed a board director of Unilever Nigeria, and later served on the board of Exxon Mobil Nigeria.

Chief of Staff to the President

In August 2015, Kyari was appointed Chief of Staff to President Muhammadu Buhari.

Kyari was an influential figure within the Buhari administration. During the administration’s first term, he worked mainly behind the scenes to implement the president’s agenda. In 2019 with Buhari’s re-election for a second term, he ordered his cabinet to channel all requests through Kyari’s office. Further enhancing his influence within government circles, and being labelled as the de facto head of government.

In 2017, following a leaked memo, Kyari became embroiled in a public argument with the Head of Civil Service,who was later removed from office and arrested. In 2020, in another leaked memo, Babagana Monguno the National Security Adviser accused Kyari of meddling in matters of national security.


See the source image

Kyari was married to the sister-in-law of Ibrahim Tahir, and had four children.

On 24 March 2020, it was made public that Kyari tested positive for COVID-19 on 23 March, following an official trip to Germany nine days before. There were reports that he had been flown out of the country for treatment, and Reuters later reported he had “a history of medical complications, including diabetes”. On 29 March 2020, in an official statement, Kyari announced he was being moved from isolation in Abuja to Lagos for “preventive treatment”.

Kyari died on the evening of 17 April 2020 at age 67.


Officer of the Order of the Niger (OON)

Ribbon bar of the Order of the Niger.

National honour in Nigeria

 2.  Group Captain (retired) USMAN JIBRIN (1942 – 8 September 2011) was a Nigerian politician who was the Military Governor of North Central State from July 1975 to 1977 during the military regime of General Murtala Mohammed.


In office 30 July 1975 – 1977 Preceded by Abba Kyari Succeeded by Muktar Muhammed


Born 1942 Nasarawa, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Died – 8 September 2011 (aged 68–69)

MILITARY SERVICE Allegiance Nigeria

BRANCH/SERVICE Air Force Ensign of Nigeria


Rank Group Captain

COMMANDS Kaduna State


Jibrin was born in 1942 in Nasarawa local government of Nasarawa State. He attended Abuja Middle School and Government College Kaduna in the early 1960s. He started work at Radio Television, Kaduna. Jibrin joined the Nigerian Air Force in 1963, retiring in 1978.He received training in Canada as a pilot and an instructor, followed by training and conversion courses in Germany on jet fighters. He was also trained in the Soviet Union as a fighter pilot and instructor, and received staff training in the United Kingdom.


Jibrin held commands in most of the Nigerian Air Force bases in the country. During the Nigerian Civil War he mostly flew smaller airplanes until later in the war when it became possible to get more advanced fighters from the Soviet Union. Jibrin was one of the air force officers who assisted with the July 1975 coup that brought General Murtala Muhammed to power, providing airfield and airspace security and military airlift.  In his maiden address on 30 July 1975, Murtala Mohammed said that Jibrin had been appointed military governor of North Central State of Kaduna, later renamed to Kaduna State.

Jibrin retired from his post as governor and from the air force due to disagreements with the Head of State, General Olusegun Obasanjo. The cause was the take-over by the Federal government of universities and other institutions, such as the Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria, Kaduna, which Jibrin believed to be the property of the state.


Jibrin was appointed chairman of the Green Revolution in Benue-Plateau State. Later he became Chairman of Nigerian Productive Research Institute, Ilorin and Chairman of Jos Steel Rolling Mill, from where he resigned after finding “discrepancies”. Thereafter, he devoted himself mostly to Islamic activities.    He became Chairman of Nigerian Agricultural and Cooperative Bank. In 2010, he was Chairman of Nasarawa Community Bank and treasurer to the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs. He was a member of the board of directors of Jaiz International Bank.He died on 8 September 2011.


 1.  Wing Commander MUKTAR MUHAMMED (11 November 1944 – 1 October 2017) was the military governor of Kaduna State, Nigeria from July 1978 to October 1979 during the military regime of General Olusegun Obasanjo. Wing commander Muktar Muhammed played an active role in the coup that brought General Murtala Mohammed to power, and was appointed to the new Supreme Military Council on 30 July 1975.He was appointed governor of Kaduna State in 1977, in which position he was promoted to Group Captain


In office 1977 – July 1978 Preceded by Usman Jibrin Succeeded by Ibrahim Mahmud Alfa


Born 11 November 1944, Kano

Died 1 October 2017 (aged 72)


Allegiance Nigeria


Air Force Ensign of Nigeria.svg Nigerian Airforce

RANK Group Captain

 2.  IBRAHIM MAHMUD ALFA (14 August 1942 – 16 March 2000) was an air marshal in the Nigerian Air Force. He previously served as Military administrator of Kaduna State and Chief of Air Staff for the Nigerian Air Force. He died on 16 March 2000.


In office

July 1978 – October 1979

Preceded by Muktar Muhammed

Succeeded by Abdulkadir Balarabe Musa


In office January 1984 – 1990 Preceded by Abdullahi Dominic Bello Succeeded by Nuraini Yussuff


Born August 14 , 1946 Adamawa State, Nigeria

MILITARY SERVICE Allegiance  Nigeria


Nigerian Air Force Years of service 1963-1990 RANK Air Marshal


Born in Garkida, Adamawa State, he started his educational career at the Central Primary School, Jimeta, Yola, in 1948 and went on to complete his primary and secondary school education in 1960 at Yola Middle School, later known as the Provincial Secondary School. Soon after his graduation, he enrolled for his Higher School Certificate (HSC) course in Barewa College, Zaria, which he completed in 1962.


Ibrahim Alfa was one of the pioneering sets of officer cadets who enlisted into the Nigeria Air force in June 1963. On 28 August 1963, he was flown, along with a team of 83 other Nigerians, to Uetersen, Germany, for Basic and Advance Military Training. He was in Germany until 21 June 1966, when he was recalled home with the team and commissioned into the Nigerian Air Force with the rank of second lieutenant. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he commanded the NAF Detachment in Benin City.

In 1967, Alfa attended the Conversion Course on MIG 15 and 17 in USSR. He was promoted to the rank of captain in 1969. In 1970 he was appointed the Commanding Officer, Nigerian Air force (NAF) Flying Training Wing, Kano.

In 1972 he was promoted to the rank of Major. From December 1972 to August 1973, Ibrahim Alfa enrolled for the T-38 Instructor Pilot course at Lockheed and Randolph Air Force Base, in the United States. In 1973 he was appointed officer Commanding 64 Fighter Squadron, Kano, Nigeria.

In November 1974 he attended a conversion course on MiG 21 followed by a back seat check in USSR. In 1975 he was promoted Wing Commander. He was appointed a member of the Supreme Military Council between 1976-78 as one of its younger members with the rank of Wing Commander. During this period, he attended the Advanced Staff College, l, England. In 1978 Alfa was promoted to the rank of Group-Captain and he was also appointed as the Military Administrator of Kaduna State by the then Head of State, General Olusegun Obasanjo, where he also took charge as Commander, Ground Training Group in Kaduna.

In June 1980, he enrolled at the Air War College in Maxwell Air Force Base, Montgomery, USA. On his return from the Air War College in 1981, Ibrahim Alfa was appointed the Air Officer Operations (AOO), with the rank of Air Commodore. In 1982, he attended the International Defence Management Course, Lagos, Nigeria. In 1983 Alfa was promoted to the rank of Air Vice Marshal.

On 1 January 1984, he was appointed the eighth Chief of Air Staff by General Muhammadu Buhari’s regime. After General Ibrahim Babangida took power in August 1985, he retained Alfa as Chief of Air Staff. On 1 October 1987, Ibrahim Mahmud Alfa was promoted to the rank of Air Marshal, the first Nigerian Air force officer ever to attain the rank.

Alfa retired from the Nigerian air force as the Chief of Air Staff in 1990.

Ibrahim Mahmud Alfa also served as a member of the supreme military council from 1984-85, the Armed Forces Ruling Council (AFRC) 1985-90 as well as the chairman of the National Transition Committee in 1990.


In July 1978, Alfa was appointed military Administrator (position now called Governor) of Kaduna State, a position he held until October 1979.

Chief of Air Staff, Nigerian Air force  Edit

Alfa was appointed the eighth Chief of Air Staff, Nigerian Air Force, under General Muhammadu Buhari’s regime on 1 January 1984. He was retained as Chief of Air Staff during General Ibrahim Babangida’s administration until 1990.


Ibrahim Alfa was married to Laraba, they had three sons and one daughter together.


Air Marshal Alfa (Rtd.) received several awards and medals. In alphabetical order they include:

Defence Service Medal (DSM) Defence Service Medal (Nigeria)

Distinguished Flying Star (DFS)

Distinguished Service Medals (DSM)

General Service Medal (GSM) General Service Medal (Nigeria)

Member of the Federal Republic (MFR)

National Service Medal (NSM) National Service Medal (Nigeria)

Republic Medal (RM)

 3. ABDULKADIR BALARABE MUSA (born 21 August 1936) is a left-wing Nigerian politician who was elected Governor of Kaduna State, Nigeria during the Nigerian Second Republic, holding office from October 1979 until he was impeached on 23 June 1981. During the Nigerian Fourth Republic he was leader of the Conference of Nigerian Political Parties (CNPP), a coalition of opposition parties.


In office October 1979 – 23 June 1981 Preceded by Ibrahim Mahmud Alfa Succeeded by Abba Musa Rimi


Born 21 August 1936 (age 83) Kaya, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Nationality Nigerian

POLITICAL PARTY: People’s Redemption Party] (PRP)


Musa was born on 21 August 1936 in Kaya, Kaduna State. He studied at Zaria Middle School (1947–1952) and at the Institute of Administration, Zaria (1952–1953). He was an accounts clerk (1953–1955) and a school teacher (1955–1960). He held various managerial positions related to accountancy in the period 1960 to 1976, while studying at different colleges in London to gain additional qualifications.


Musa was elected governor of Kaduna State in 1979 on the platform of the People’s Redemption Party (PRP), a party founded by Mallam Aminu Kano. with others such as Abubakar Rimi, Sabo Bakin Zuwo, Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila, Michael Imoudu, Chinua Achebe, Yusufu Bala Usman, Uche Chukwumerije, and Sule Lamido, the National Party of Nigeria (NPN) challenged his election unsuccessfully. His party was initially a member of the PPP alliance in opposition to the NPN, but later quietly withdrew. As Governor he was stalemated by the Kaduna state house of assembly, which was dominated by NPN members. He was unable to form a cabinet since he refused to nominate NPN members and the House refused to ratify his candidates. Eventually the House impeached him in June 1981, making him the first Nigerian state governor ever to be impeached.

A Marxist, when the Kaduna Polo Club sent Musa an invitation to join along with a mallet he refused the invitation and gave the mallet to a servant, saying “I don’t play polo … It is the game of the rich and powerful, of neo-colonialists”.  Musa later said he was impeached because he planned to have the state open small- and medium-sized industries, and this would deny the NPN members the opportunity of establishing their own enterprises. He did initiate some state-owned companies, but they were unprofitable and all were eventually closed down.


Musa continued to be active in politics. He was the PRP candidate for the presidency in the April 2003 elections, selected in February 2003. However, without even enough money to print posters he was not successful. In May 2003, the Inspector-General of Police Tafa Balogun refused a permit to the Conference of Nigerian Political Parties (CNPP), to hold a rally in Kano. As Chairman of the coalition, Musa said he refused to be intimidated, and the CNPP had other ways to achieve their objectives. Speaking as CNPP chairman in February 2004, Musa described President Olusegun Obasanjo’s policies as “phantom and mirage”, doing nothing for the people and serving only to enrich politicians and government officials. In the 2007 elections, the CNPP backed Muhammadu Buhari as a credible alternative to the PDP candidate Umaru Yar’Adua. In February 2009, Musa said “Capitalism is returning us to the era of slavery. The solution to the current crisis is the abolition of greediness and antagonistic competition in our economic systems”.

Musa spoke at a public lecture and reception in January 2009 in honour of former Oyo State governor Lam Adesina. He said that electoral rigging had to be stopped, and said “we need a revolution in Nigeria to have a positive change in the political system”. In November 2009, Musa said that Nigeria’s economic system was based on narrow self-interest, with a disabling level of corruption, theft and waste of public resources. He expressed concern that the state might fail, as had happened in Somalia, but said this was unlikely since the USA would act to prevent it due to the strategic importance of Nigeria.

In an interview in April 2010, Musa said the electoral system was rigged to favour those with money. He was sceptical about whether implementing the recommendations of the Uwais committee, such as removing state electoral commissions and having all elections run by the Independent National Electoral Commission, would have any positive effect. However, he was cautiously optimistic that Labour could put up a credible showing against the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) in the 2011 elections through alliances with other parties such as Action Congress. The same month, former Vice-President Atiku Abubakar said that Musa had obstructed formation of a mega opposition alliance because he did not want to lose the identity of his PRP in the larger group.

On 31 August 2010, Musa quits active politics due to health issues and announced his immediate resignation from chairmanship of People’s Redemption Party.

 4.  ABBA MUSA RIMI CON (born 28 February 1940) is a Nigerian politician who was elected Deputy Governor of Kaduna State, Nigeria in October 1979 during the Nigerian Second Republic, becoming acting governor when the Governor Abdulkadir Balarabe Musa was impeached on 23 June 1981. He was elected on the platform of the People’s Redemption Party.


In office 1 October 1979 – 23 June 1981


In office 23 June 1981 – 1 October 1983 Preceded by Abdulkadir Balarabe Musa Succeeded by Lawal Kaita


Born 28 February 1940 (age 80) Rimi, Katsina State, Nigeria

POLITICAL PARTY: People’s Redemption Party

In February 1982 Pope John Paul II visited Kaduna. Although squabbling Muslim religious leaders failed to show up, while at the airport the Pope read an address to Rimi and other government officials urging cooperation and unity among Christians and Muslims before flying on to Lagos. In August 1982 Rimi was forced to appeal to the Jama’atul Nasril Islam (JNI) to find a way to end violent clashes between the Izala and Darika Muslim groups. Rimi officially opened IBBI Nigeria, now a leading brewery in Northern Nigeria, on 27 March 1982.

After General Muhammadu Buhari seized power in a coup on 31 December 1983, he arrested most of the former governors. On 28 March 1985, a Special Military Tribunal sentenced Rimi to 21 years in jail for corruptly enriching 96 legislators of the State House of Assembly by N500,000. Rimi said he had given the money to the legislator “for keeping the law and order in their constituencies”.

Rimi worked in sales and marketing for various multinational companies such as UAC, NTC and G.B. OLLIVANT. He later became a director of African Circle Pollution Management. He became a holder of Commander Order of the Niger (CON). He is married to a wife and has seven children.

In October 1998 Rimi became the special advisor on political affairs to the military head of state Abdulsalam Abubakar during the transition to civilian rule with the Nigerian Fourth Republic.

 5.  LAWAL KAITA (4 October 1932 – 2 January 2018) was a Nigerian politician elected on the National Party of Nigeria (NPN) platform as governor of Kaduna State, Nigeria, holding office between October and December 1983, when the Nigerian Second Republic ended with the coup that brought General Muhammadu Buhari to power.


In office October 1983 – December 1983 Preceded by Abba Musa Rimi Succeeded by Usman Mu’azu

PERSONAL DETAILS: Born 4 October 1932 Katsina, Nigeria, Died 2 January 2018 (aged 85) Abuja, Nigeria



 • Barewa College

 • London School of Economics

He continued to be an influential politician in the Nigerian Fourth Republic and was one of the founders of the Action Congress of Nigeria (AC) party in September 2006. Some sources have attributed the following quote to him prior to the 2011 presidential election: “The North is determined if it happens, to make Nigeria ‘ungovernable’ for President Jonathan or any other Southerner who finds his way to the seat of power on the platform of the PDP against the principle of the party’s zoning policy.”


Kaita was born on 4 October 1932 in Katsina, in the far north of Nigeria. He is a blood relative of President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua and a member of the royal family of Nagogo, traditional rulers of the Emirate of Katsina.

He attended Barewa College, Zaria (1946–1950) and later studied at the London School of Economics (1971–1972).


After returning to Nigeria, Kaita joined the Kaduna State civil service. He served as Secretary to the State Water Board (1973–1975), Commissioner for Economic Planning (1975–1976) and Deputy Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Works of Kaduna State (1976–1977).


Kaita was appointed a Member of the Constituent Assembly of Nigeria (1977–1978) and became Special Assistant to President Shehu Shagari (1980–1982).

In 1979, he was narrowly defeated by Abdulkadir Balarabe Musa in the election for Governor of Kaduna State. Kaita helped the NPN to impeach Governor Musa in June 1981. In 1982, after the death of the Emir, Kaita contested the emirship of Katsina.Usman Nagogo. He was elected Governor of Kaduna State in the 1983 election, holding office for a few months until the military coup in December of that year.

In 1995, after General Shehu Musa Yar’Adua was jailed by the Sani Abacha government, Kaita was appointed leader of Yar’Adua’s Peoples Democratic Movement (PDM) which comprised politicians such as Atiku Abubakar, Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila, Magaji Abdullahi and Rabiu Kwankwaso. The PDM merged with The New Dimension, The National Transformation Congress, some prominent members of the Eastern Mandate Union and some State chapters of the Committee for National Consensus (CNC) to form Peoples Consensus Party under which they seek registration during the Sani Abacha transition but they were not registered. Kaita was a member of the Constitutional Conference (1994–1995). He was a founding member of the People’s Democratic Party PDP in 1998.


The administration of President Olusegun Obasanjo, which came to power in May 1999, appointed Kaita chairman of one of the parastatals in the Ministry of Transport.

In August 2001, he was engaged in a struggle for control of the PDM movement with the Minister of Works and Housing, Tony Anenih.

In May 2002, he was president of the Nigerian Polo Association.

In June 2003, he was chairman of the Maritime Authority, a member of the board of trustees of the PDP, and a director of the SGBN Bank.

Kaita left the PDP to join others in forming the Action Congress (AC) party in September 2006; Vice President Atiku Abubakar, representing the Action Congress, launched his unsuccessful bid for the presidency in 2007.

In the run-up to the elections, the 74-year-old Kaita was arrested by the State Security Services on charges that he had recruited and trained hooligans.

In March 2010, there were rumors that Kaita might be returning to the PDP following a meeting with the Katsina State Governor Ibrahim Shema and other PDP leaders.

In a newspaper interview in April 2010, Kaita said that as chairman of a conclave of Atiku Abubakar’s associates, he expected Atiku to rejoin the PDP.

On 19 August 2010, Kaita was received back to the PDP by Governor Shema, in an event attended by 50,000 decampees from the Action Congress in Ingawa, Kusada and Kankia local governments. He died on 2 January 2018, aged 85.

 6.  Air Vice-Marshal (retired) USMAN MU’AZU (1942–2008) was the military governor of Kaduna State, Nigeria from January 1984 to June 1988 during the military regime of General Muhammadu Buhari.


In office January 1984 – August 1985 Preceded by Lawal Kaita Succeeded by Abubakar Dangiwa Umar


Born 1942 Jaba LGA, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Died May 2008 Kaduna

Mu’azu was born in Kwoi, Jaba Local Government Area, Kaduna State in 1942. He attended Provincial Secondary School, Zaria and then the Institute of Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. He attended the Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, and had further training in West Germany and the United States of America. Muazu served in various capacities in the Nigeria Air force, including service in the Nigeria Air force Command, Command and Staff College, Jaji and Command Training College, Kaduna. He was administrator of Nigerian Airways and Air Officer Commanding Training Command, Nigeria Air Force before being appointed military governor of Kaduna State in January 1984.

After he had left office, violence broke out between the Atyap and Hausa people in Zangon Kataf in 1992 which eventually led to several hundred deaths. Muazu headed a committee with seven Atyap and seven Hausa to recommend methods of settling the disputes. One recommendation was to create the Atyap chiefdom. Since there measures were implemented, there has been no further violence.

Following the return to democracy in 1999, he became a prominent member of the Arewa Consultative Forum, a Northern lo by I ng group. Mu’azu died in May 2008.

 7.  Colonel (retired) ABUBAKAR DANGIWA UMAR (born 1949) was governor of Kaduna state in Nigeria from August 1985 to June 1988 during the military regime of General Ibrahim Babangida. After retiring from the army in 1993, he became a social critic and the founder of Movement for Unity and Progress, a political party.


In office August 1985 – June 1988 Preceded by Usman Mu’azu Succeeded by Abdullahi Sarki Mukhtar


Born 21 September 1949 (age 70) Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria


Umar was born on 21 September 1949 in Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State. His father was a school teacher and administrator with the traditional title of Wazirin Gwandu who became a member of the House of Representatives in Lagos (1954 – 1964) and Commissioner for Works in the North-Western State (1968 – 1975). He was educated at Government College, Sokoto (1964 – 1968), Nigeria Defence Academy, Kaduna, (1967 – 1972), Nigeria Army Armored School, Ibadan, (1972), US Army Administration School, Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana, USA (1976), Royal Armour School, Kentucky, USA (1977 – 1978), Command and Staff College, Jaji (1978 – 1979 and 1982 – 1983), Bayero University, Kano (1979 – 1981), Harvard University, USA (1988 – 1989).


Umar joined the Nigerian Army in 1967 and was commissioned as Second Lieutenant in March 1972. He held various positions, including ADC to Major General Hassan Usman Katsina, Deputy Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters.  Umar was appointed General Staff Officer in the Department of Armour, Army Headquarters. At the time of the coup of 27 August 1985 in which General Ibrahim Babangida assumed power he was a Major and Chairman of the Federal Housing Authority (1984 – 1985). He supported the coup, and after it succeeded he was appointed Governor of Kaduna State. Later he was promoted to Lt. Colonel.

Umar was Military Governor of Kaduna State from September 1985 to June 1988, during a period when funding was scarce. He had to deal with a serious religious crisis within the state in 1987, becoming unpopular with all sides of the dispute. He said “If you win a religious war, you cannot win a religious peace Since the killing started how many Christians have been converted to Islam? How many Muslims have been converted to Christianity? It is an exercise in futility”.

In 1993 he was Colonel and Commander of the Armoured Corps Center and School. He was opposed to the annulment of the 12 June 1993 presidential election, and started looking for support within the army for installing the elected president M.K.O. Abiola. In October he was detained on suspicion of conspiracy, but was not charged. After being released he resigned his commission.


After retirement, Umar became Chairman and Chief Executive, Work and Worship (Gas Company) Nigeria Limited, Kaduna. Umar was a vocal critic of the Abacha regime, and joined the G-18 group of politicians that publicly opposed Abacha’s plan to become president. During the Nigerian Fourth Republic he was outspoken on many issues. In June 2000 he said the concept of a monolithic Northern region was obsolete and unnecessary. He warned defeated candidates in the 2003 elections to exercise restraint and follow the law in appealing the results. In March 2004 he wrote a letter to President Olusegun Obasanjo in which he accused him of being an accomplice in the annulment of the 12 June 1993 Presidential election.

In June 2004 he said that the government’s unpopular economic policies were creating social unrest. In May 2005 he spoke out against the forced retirement of a deputy governor of Central Bank of Nigeria and accused the government of insincerity in its fight against corruption. He strongly opposed proposals to let Obasanjo run for a third term. In January 2008 he supported the controversial removal of Nuhu Ribadu as Chairman of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission on the basis that Ribadu was insufficiently experienced, and had carried out the directions of President Olusegun Obasanjo without question. In August 2009 he accused President Umaru Yar’Adua of nepotism in his appointments. In December 2009 he called on the ailing President to resign.

In a June 2014 interview he stressed the importance of dialogue to resolve the Boko Haram insurgency, saying:

“I don’t think there is connivance between military people and Boko Haram … I think there must be unity of purpose; the nation must be united in this very dangerous war against Boko Haram. The only way Boko Haram can succeed is if the nation gets divided and it is up to the federal government to unite the public against Boko Haram.”

 8.  Major General ABDULLAHI SARKI MUKHTAR (Rtd) was born on July 5, 1949, in Kano State. He was formerly the National security adviser to the president of Nigeria. Rtd Major General Mukhtar was also a former military governor of Kaduna state and Katsina State, in the case of the latter he was the first administrator or governor.

NATIONAL SECURITY ADVISER In office May 2006 – 8 March 2010

PRESIDENT Olusegun Obasanjo, Umaru Musa Yar’Adua, Preceded by Aliyu Mohammed Gusau, Succeeded by Aliyu Mohammed Gusau


In office July 1988 – August 1990

PRESIDENT Ibrahim Babangida, Preceded by Abubakar Dangiwa Umar, Succeeded by Tanko Ayuba


In office September 1987 – July 1988

PRESIDENT Ibrahim Babangida Succeeded by Lawrence Onoja


Born July 5, 1949 Kano State, Nigeria


He had a fairly prominent army career culminating with his appointment as the general officer commanding the first division, Nigerian army in Kaduna state, before that, he was the Chief of Staff of a peace keeping force in Liberia. The retired general was one of the few serving high-ranking officers in the middle of the 1990s who voiced concerns over the detention and trial of the former President Obasanjo and his former deputy Shehu Musa Yar’Adua. He is known as a principled and charismatic officer who earned the respect of President Obasanjo when he refused to bulge to the demands of Sani Abacha, on the treatment of coups suspects in 1995. From January 23, 2002, to May 30, 2003, he administrated the Embassy of Nigeria in Moscow and was also accredited to Minsk.

 9.  Major General (retired) ABUBAKAR TANKO AYUBA is a Nigerian politician who was elected senator for the Kebbi South constituency in Kebbi State, Nigeria in April 2007.

GOVERNOR OF KADUNA STATE: In office August 1990 – 2 January 1992, Preceded by Abdullahi Sarki Mukhtar, Succeeded by Mohammed Dabo Lere

NATIONAL SENATOR: In office May 2007 – May 2011, Preceded by Usman Sanni Sami, Succeeded by Mohammed Magoro


PERSONAL DETAILS Born December 6, 1945

Died May 25, 2016 (aged 70) Lagos University Teaching Hospital



All Progressives Congress (APC)


Retired Army General, Politician


Abubakar Ayuba was born on 12/06/45. He attended the Armed Forces Command and Staff College, Jaji in 1978, and the MNI National Institute for Policy & Strategic Studies, Kuru. In the army, he became a commander of the Corps of Signal, and a major general. Under military rule he was appointed Minister of Communications, military governor of Kaduna State, Chief of Administration and Chief of Policy and Plans.  He was appointed governor of Kaduna State in August 1990 during the military regime of General Ibrahim Babangida, handing over to the elected civilian governor Mohammed Dabo Lere in January 1992 at the start of the abortive Nigerian Third Republic.


Abubakar Ayuba was elected on the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) platform in April 2007. He was appointed to committees on Science & Technology, Police Affairs, Navy, National Planning, Integration and Cooperation, Defence & Army and Communications. In January 2008, Leadership paper reported that Abubakar Tanko Ayuba was one of the first senators to have his election nullified, but that he was appealing the decision.

In September 2008, he was awarded the prestigious ‘Nelson Mandela Gold Award’ for his excellent leadership and contributions to society.

10. Alhaji MOHAMMED DABO LERE (1940-2002) is a Nigerian politician who was elected Governor of Kaduna State, Nigeria between January 1992 and November 1993 during the Nigerian Third Republic, leaving office after the military coup that brought General Sani Abacha to power.


In office 2 January 1992 – November 1993, Preceded by Tanko Ayuba, Succeeded by Lawal Jafaru Isa


Born 1940, Lere LGA, Kaduna State, Nigeria

Died 18 February 2002

Dabo Lere was of Hausa-Fulani origin. He was born into the Lere royal family on March 15, 1940 in Lere town Lere Local Government Area in Kaduna State.

He was elected Governor of Kaduna State in December 1991 on the National Republican Convention (NRC) platform, with James Bawa Magaji as his running mate. In February 1992 there was violence between the mainly Muslim Hausa and mainly Christian Kataf communities of the Zangon-Kataf Local Government Area, with over 60 people killed. What most people do not seem to understand about the conflict is question is that not all Hausa people are Muslims, likewise the Kataf ethnicity has a tiny fraction that belongs to the Islam. One has to be very careful before one points accusing finger on one religion regarding religious conflicts entirely in Nigeria.

Instead, the one factor to blame is nothing other than ignorance and unemployment in Nigeria.

Dabo Lere set up a 7-person judicial committee to investigate the crisis, but neither side was satisfied. On 15 May 1992 there was a further outbreak of violence in Zangon-Kataf, and after news spread to Kaduna there was further violence in reprisal from both sides. It is embarrassing that rich people from both parties assisted their youths with weapons in order to fight the people they refer as enemies. Dabo Lere eventually made a broadcast at 7 p.m. on 17 May, calling for a curfew, which was ignored. After four days, calm returned when President Ibrahim Babangida ordered a dusk-to-dawn curfew and rushed in army troops and riot police from other states.

In 2001, Dabo Lere led the supporters of Ibrahim Babangida in the North.

Dabo Lere died of a stroke in Abuja on 18 February 2002, aged 64.

11. LAWAL JAFARU ISA is a retired Nigerian Army Brigadier General, and was the Military Administrator of Kaduna State from December 1993 to August 1996 during the military regime of General Sani Abacha. In 1996, Isa created several chiefdoms for the southern Zaria or Kaduna people in order to improve peace in Kaduna State.


In office 9 December 1993 – 22 August 1996 Preceded by Mohammed Dabo Lere Succeeded by Hammed Ali

In September 2000, he was a leading member of the newly formed Arewa Consultative Forum, a northern political lobbying group. He became a leader of the United Nigerian Development Forum, an association friendly to the election of General Ibrahim Babangida in the April 2003 Presidential contest. He became a director of Bank PHB.

Ifeanyi Nwolisa wrote this about him: “I can’t actually remember all the past governors of Kaduna state, but there is a particular one that is my favorite –the then Lt Col. Lawal Jafaru Isa who governed Kaduna from December 1993 – September 1996. It was during his time that Kaduna was at its most volatile because we just had the Zongo Kataf riot in 1992. His quick interventions and good leadership instincts ensured that the crisis did not escalate.”

Nwolisa added, “I remember meeting the Lt. Colonel, as a boy’s brigade then with the Anglican faith, in one of the synod meetings organized in St Michael’s Anglican Church. Lt Col. Lawal Jafaru Isa though a Muslim did not have a problem participating as a special guest of honor. That was good judgment because the move ensured that Christians began to trust him and had good faith in the government to defend all lives of the citizens irrespective of ethnic background. The good intention of Lt Col. Lawal Jafaru Isa in uniting all residents in the state created a model for subsequent governors to follow, which is to act with urgency in any occurrence of even the slightest of crisis.”


Lawal Jafaru Isa, a staunch supporter of President Muhammadu Buhari of Nigeria (PMB), had contested for the governorship of his native Kano state twice since the return of democracy to Nigeria in 1999. Firstly, he contested under Buhari’s newly formed Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) in 2011 but was defeated by the intra-party squabbles with the son of Late Head of State General Sani Abacha, Alhaji Muhammad Abacha.

His second shot for power under the All Progressive Congress (APC) in 2015 didn’t see the light of the day also after he was floored in the party’s primary by the present governor of the state, Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje.


In the two occasions Jafaru Isa ran for gubernatorial elections, he premised his campaign on integrity. Many of his associates, including Yakubu Ya’u Isa, claimed he is as clean as Muhammadu Buhari whom some Nigerians tag Mr. Integrity.

But penultimate January 6, 2015, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), picked him up in his Abuja residence in connection with the ongoing investigation into the disbursement of funds from the office of the former National Security Adviser.

Mr. Isa is the first chieftain of the APC to be arrested by the EFCC since the beginning of a probe into the alleged diversion of $2.1 billion meant for arms purchase by officials of the immediate-past administration of ex-president Goodluck Ebele Jonathan.

Jafaru Isa is believed to be a close friend of the embattled former National Security Adviser (NSA), Col. Sambo Dasuki (Rtrd).

Isa’s house was said to have been invaded by operatives of the EFCC around 9pm, and then whisked him away a few minutes later. A week before the retired brigadier general was arrested, an invitation was sent to him to appear before the commission on January 6 to clear the air on “some questionable receipts” from the former NSA. Investigators believe the retired soldier received over N100million from Col. Dasuki.

It was gathered that rather than honoring the invitation, sources said, Gen. Isa wrote a letter to the EFCC through his lawyer, seeking a postponement of his appearance date on the grounds of death of a relative. Apparently dissatisfied with his excuse, the EFCC however arrested him to clarify the “questionable receipts”.


Since the arrest and arraignment of former National Security Adviser to ex-president Goodluck Jonathan, Col Sambo Dasuki (Rtd.), over misappropriation of $2.1 billion arms deal, revelations upon revelations have shown how the money were cornered for purposes the fund weren’t earmarked for.

The founder of Da’ar Communications Plc., Chief Raymond Dokpesi was recently arrested for N2.1 billion traced to his accounts.He said the money he received from the office of the National Security Adviser during the administration of Goodluck Jonathan was payment for media and political campaign for the 2015 general election.

Alhaji Attahiru Bafarawa, the former governor of Sokoto, is also facing probe for N100 million he said collected for spiritual prayers towards the success of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) during the 2015 general elections. So also the former Minister of state for Finance, Bashir Yuguda, was arrested for allegedly receiving N1.5billion from the former NSA’s office through an unnamed company, for unstated purpose.

Recently, the spokesman of the PDP, Chief Olisa Metuh was also invited by the EFCC to answer the source of some suspicious money to the accounts of a company he has large shares. A staff the EFCC who confirmed a company by the name Destra Investment limited which Metuh has large shares in, received money to the tune of N1.4 billion from the office of the National Security Adviser.

Others in detention include the son of Mr. Bafarawa, Sagir Bafarawa, and that of a former Minister of Defence, Bello Mohammed, Abba Mohammed.

The lists of Nigerians invited by the EFCC are rising by the day. And the end of the probes doesn’t seem to be here soon. Jafaru Isa, the first APC chieftain, has been added as another big fish in the EFCC net.

How these probes end and the outcomes of them, are what Nigerians discuss nowadays in hush tones at every nooks and crannies of the country. And whether Isa will get out of these probes unscathed remains a mystery in the womb of time.

11. AHMED MOHAMMED MAKARFI (born 8 August 1956) is a Nigerian politician and the former Chairman of the People’s Democratic Party. He was governor of Kaduna State in Nigeria from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007, and was elected Senator for Kaduna North in April 2007. He is a member of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). Makarfi, a Muslim, is married and has four children.


In office 29 May 1999 – 29 May 2007 Preceded by Umar Farouk Ahmed Succeeded by Mohammed Namadi Sambo


In office 29 May 2007 – 2011 Preceded by Dalhatu Tafida Succeeded by Suleiman Othman Hunkuyi


Born 8 August 1956 (age 63) Makarfi LGA, Kaduna State, Nigeria





Born in Makarfi, Makarfi Local Government Area of Kaduna State (then part of the Northern Region), he attended primary school from 1965 to 1973. He then attended the Federal Government College Enugu from 1973 to 1978. In 1979, Makarfi was admitted to the School of Basic Studies at Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria where he obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting. He was a part-time Lecturer in the Department of Accounting from 1987-1993. During this time, he received a Master of Science degree in Accounting and Finance.


Makarfi started his working career at the Nigeria Universal Bank, where he rose to the rank of Assistant General Manager. He held many ad-hoc responsibilities during this period. In 1994, he was appointed to the Kaduna State Executive Council as Honorable Commissioner of Finance and Economic Planning before returning to the private sector.

He became a member of the Board of Trustees at the Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution in Abuja as well as its Director of Finance and Administration.

Makarfi was elected governor of Kaduna State in 1999 and won a second four-year term in 2003.[5] In April 2007, he was elected Senator in the Nigerian Senate representing Kaduna North Senatorial District (which includes Makarfi, Kudan, Sabon gari, Zaria, Ikara, Soba, Lere and Kubau Local Government Areas). In the April 2011 elections, Makarfi ran for reelection on the PDP platform and was elected. In 2016, Makarfi was appointed PDP national Chairman at a Convention held in Port Harcourt.


In 2017, Makarfi was removed as PDP Chairman and Ali Modu Sheriff was declared chairman, but after a five-man Apex Court verdict, Makarfi was reinstated as National PDP Chairman.

In June 2018, Makarfi declared that he was joining “capable party men and women” in the contest for the main opposition’s presidential nomination for the 2019 general election. He said it was only fair he joins the race after a wide consultation with his party’s men and women and other stakeholders. Makarfi was one of the 12 candidates that contested for the PDP nomination at a convention held in Port Harcourt on 6 November 2018. Of the 12 candidates that ran for the nomination, four candidates including Makarfi himself were from North Western states. Aminu Tambuwal (Sokoto State), Rabiu Kwankwaso (Kano State), Attahiru Bafarawa (Sokoto State) are the other candidates form the region. Analysts predicted that the huge number of candidates from the region would split delegate votes from the region among the contestants giving advantage to popular candidates from other regions over them. In the PDP primary, Makarfi clinched distant 5th position behind Atiku Abubakar the Winer of the electoion. The disappointing result from the primary ended his presidential run in 2019.

See the source image


(born 2 August 1954) is a Nigerian politician who was Vice President of Nigeria from 19 May 2010 to 29 May 2015. An architect by training, Sambo is an alumnus of the Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria.

13th Vice President of Nigeria

In office 19 May 2010 – 29 May 2015

PRESIDENT: Goodluck Jonathan Preceded by Goodluck Jonathan Succeeded by Yemi Osinbajo

GOVERNOR OF KADUNA: In office May 2007 – 19 May 2010 Preceded by Ahmed Makarfi Succeeded by Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa


Born:2 August 1954 (age 65) Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria


SPOUSE(s): Amina Sambo


Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

PROFESSION: Architecture


Mohammed Namadi Sambo was born on 2 August 1954 in Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. He attended Baptist Primary School in Kakuri, Kaduna, before attending Kobi Primary School in Bauchi and Towns School No. 1 in Zaria. From 1967 until 1971, he attended Government Secondary School, now Alhuda-Huda College, in Zaria. He attended the School of Basic Studies at the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria in 1972, after which he gained admission into the Department of Architecture, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, where he graduated in 1976 with a Bachelor of Science degree with Honours BSc (Hons). He also holds a master’s degree (MSc) in Architecture.

Sambo served with the Oyo State Ministry of Works and Housing for the National Youth Service Corps up to August 1979. In 1988 he was appointed Commissioner for Works, Transport and Housing in Kaduna. In 1990, Namadi Sambo left the service of the Kaduna State Government and went back to private practice.


In May 2007, Mohammed Namadi Sambo assumed office as Governor of Kaduna State. His term ended on 18 May 2010. Sambo had an 11-point agenda as Governor of Kaduna State that was to focus on empowering the youth and women of the community and to address security for the state.[3] While still serving as governor, he was picked by the then president of Nigeria, Goodluck Jonathan, to become the Vice President.


Following the death of President Umaru Yar’Adua, Goodluck Jonathan became the President. Jonathan nominated Sambo as Vice President and his official correspondence conveying the nomination of Sambo for the VP position was received by the National Assembly on 15 May 2010. On 18 May 2010, the National Assembly approved the nomination.

On 19 May 2010, Namadi Sambo was formally sworn in as the Vice-President of Nigeria.

13. PATRICK IBRAHIM YAKOWA (1 December 1948 – 15 December 2012) was a Nigerian politician. He was appointed Deputy Governor of Kaduna State, Nigeria in July 2005, and returned as Deputy Governor in the April 2007 elections. He was sworn in as Governor on 20 May 2010, replacing former governor Namadi Sambo who had been sworn in as Vice President the day before. Yakowa successfully ran for election as Kaduna Governor in the 26 April 2011 polls.


In office 20 May 2010 – 15 December 2012

GOVERNORS OF KADUNA Preceded by Namadi Sambo Succeeded by Mukhtar Yero


Born 1 December 1948 Fadan Kagoma, Jema’a LGA, Kaduna State,  Nigeria

Died: 15 December 2012 (aged 64), Forest of Okoroba, Nembe Local Government Area, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

RESTING PLACE: His Residence, Fadan Kagoma, Jema’a LGA, Kaduna State, Nigeria


POLITICAL PARTY: People’s Democratic Party (PDP)

SPOUSE(s) Mrs. Amina Yakowa


Alma Mater: Ahmadu Bello University

PROFESSION: Politician


Yakowa was born on 1 December 1948 in Fadan Kagoma, Jema’a Local Government, Kaduna State. He attended St. Mary’s Secondary School, Fadan Kaje and St. John College, Kaduna, and then was admitted to Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. He graduated with a B. Sc (Social Sciences) in June 1972.


Yakowa joined the Civil Service of North Central State, serving as Division Officer, Secretary in the Military Governor’s Office, and Local Government Sole Administrator. He rose to Permanent Secretary in the Kaduna State civil service, heading the Ministries of Health, Works and Transport. In 1990, Yakowa transferred to the Federal Civil Service until the administration of General Sani Abacha appointed him Commissioner in Kaduna State from 1994 to 1997. Returning to the Federal Civil Service after this posting, he was Director Joint Services at the Ministry of Defense from February 1997 to August 1998, and then a Director at the Ministry of Solid Minerals Development until 14 June 1999, when he was appointed Permanent Secretary and retired.


Yakowa worked for the Ahmed Makarfi campaign organization in 2003, helping Governor Makarfi get reelected. He was also chairman of the Rivers State Screening Committee for the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) in 2003. Yakowa was appointed Secretary to the Government of Kaduna State in September 2003. He was appointed Deputy Governor of Kaduna State in July 2005, replacing Stephen Shekari, who had died on July 10. In December 2006, he was a contender to be PDP candidate for governor of Kaduna State, but lost out to Namadi Sambo. Yakowa ran as the running mate to Namadi Sambo, who was elected as Governor.

In December 2009, Yakowa denied claims that state administration was marginalizing Southern Kaduna. He said statements to that effect were “bizarre and mischievous” and said the government was making special efforts to provide social amenities in the area. A southerner himself, he called on the people of the region to stop agitating for a southern governor candidate in the 2011 elections, but to help governor Namadi Sambo gain a second term, and wait for 2015 to get a southern governor.

In May 2010, there were rumors that President Goodluck Jonathan would nominate Kaduna State governor Namadi Sambo as his Vice President, which would cause Yakowa to become governor. If so, he would be the first person from Southern Kaduna and first Christian to become governor in the state, an innovation to which some Northern leaders objected. The rumors proved true and on 20 May 2010, the day after Sambo had become vice-president, Yakowa was sworn in as Kaduna governor. To reassure people in the ethnically and religiously mixed state, he said: “I am governor for all, irrespective of religious or tribal affiliation”.

Yakowa successfully ran for election as Kaduna Governor in the 26 April 2011 polls on the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) platform. In a close race, he polled 1,334,319 votes to clinch victory with a difference of 200,755 votes over the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC) candidate, Haruna Sae’ed, who came second with 1,133,564 votes.


On 15 December 2012, the governor died in a helicopter crash along with the former National Security Adviser Gen. Owoye Andrew Azazi (rtd) while flying from Bayelsa state to Port Harcourt. They were returning from the funeral of Oronto Douglas’ father in Beyelsa state.

Alhaji Mukhtar Ramalan Yero, the deputy governor of late Yakowa, was sworn-in the following day (Sunday, 16 December 2012) as the state’s new governor by the state Chief Judge, Justice Rahila Cudjo.

14. ALHAJI MUKHTAR RAMALAN YERO (born 1 May 1968) is a Nigerian politician who served as the Kaduna State Commissioner of Finance from 2007 till May 2010 when Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa named him as the Deputy Governor after he succeeded Namadi Sambo who became the Vice President of Nigeria. In December 2012, he became Governor of Kaduna State after the death of Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa in a helicopter crash.


In office 16 December 2012 – 29 May 2015 Preceded by Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa Succeeded by Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai


In office May 2010 – December 2012 Preceded by Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa Succeeded by Nuhu Bajoga


In office June 2007 – May 2010 Succeeded by John Ayuba


Born 1 May 1968 (age 51) Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria


POLITICAL PARTY People’s Democratic Party (PDP)



RESIDENCE Kaduna State

ALMA MATER Ahmadu Bello University

PROFESSION: Politician


Alhaji Mukhtar Ramalan Yero was born on May 1, 1968, in Agwan Kaura in Zaria in Kaduna State. Yero had his early education at LEA Primary School, Kaura 1974-1980; Government Secondary School Ikara, 1980-1985; Government Secondary School, Zaria 1985-1986 before obtaining a Diploma in Banking from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. He also obtained B.Sc Accounting in 1991 before capping it with Masters in Business Administration. A Certified Public Accountant (CPA), Yero started his career as Assistant accountant during his National Youth Service Corps at Ogun State Purchasing Corporation between 1991 and 1992. After the service he was employed as Higher Executive Officer Bursary Department at Ahmadu Bello University in 1993 before moving to Nigerian Universal Bank Limited as Accountant Supervisor the same year. In 1997, he joined a private firm, Nalado Nigerian Limited as Chief Accountant and rose in ranks to become Director Finance and Administration in 2007.


After the election of Alhaji Namadi Sambo in 2007, he was appointed as the Commissioner of Finance from 2007 to May 2010. He was selected by Governor Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa to fill the vacant Deputy Governor seat in 2010. In December 2012, he became the Governor of Kaduna State following the death of Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa in a helicopter crash in Bayelsa State.

In April 2015, he unsuccessfully ran for re-election losing to opposition challenger Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai of the All Progressive Congress.

He was paraded publicly by EFCC on corruption charges on 31 May 2018 making him one of the most prominent political figures paraded by EFCC in Nigeria.

15. Mallam NASIR AHMAD EL-RUFAI (born 16 February 1960) is a Nigerian politician who is the Governor of Kaduna State since 2015. He was previously the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory from 2003 to 2007; and the director of the Bureau of Public Enterprises. He is a founding member of the ruling All Progressives Congress.



Assumed office 29 May 2015

DEPUTY Yusuf Barnabas Bala, Hadiza Sabuwa Balarabe, Preceded by Mukhtar Ramalan Yero


In office 17 July 2003 – 27 July 2007

PRESIDENT: Olusegun Obasanjo, Preceded by Mohammed Abba Gana, Succeeded by Aliyu Modibbo Umar


Born: 16 February 1960 (age 60), Daudawa, Northern Region, British Nigeria, (now Daudawa, Nigeria)

POLITICAL PARTY: All Progressives Congress (2013–present)

OTHER POLITICAL AFFILIATIONS: Peoples Democratic Party (until 2009), Congress for Progressive Change (2011–2013)

SPOUSE(s) Hadiza Isma El-Rufai, Asia Ahmad, Aisha Ummi Garba

EDUCATION: Barewa College

ALMA MATER: Ahmadu Bello University, Harvard University, Georgetown University, University of London

Family and personal life         


Nasir Ahmad El-Rufai was born on February 16, 1960 to a Fulani family in Daudawa. His father died while he was 8 years old, and he was sponsored through his early schooling by an uncle in Kaduna. El-Rufai was educated in Barewa College. As a junior at the college, President Umaru Yar’Adua was the house captain of his dormitory. In 1976, he graduated at the top of his class, winning the “Barewa Old Boys’ Association Academic Achievement” Trophy.

He then proceeded to Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria, where he received a bachelor’s degree in quantity surveying with first class honours. In 1984, he received a Master of Business Administration from Harvard Business School. El Rufai has attended several professional and post-graduate programs, including the Georgetown School of Foreign Service of Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.


El-Rufai is married to three wives, including writer and novelist Hadiza Isma El-Rufai. Together, they run the Yasmin El-Rufai Foundation (YELF), set up in honour of his daughter who died in 2011.


El-Rufai tested positive for COVID-19 on March 28 2020, following contact with an index case. He has placed a curfew in Kaduna State and restricted movement, to prevent the spread of the virus.


In 1982, he founded El-Rufai & Partners, a quantity surveying consulting firm with three partners which he managed until 1998. During the military junta’s of 1983–1998, the firm received building and civil engineering contracts including during the construction of Abuja, making the partners “young millionaires”.

In addition to his practice, El-Rufai held management positions with two international telecommunications companies, AT&T Network Systems International BV and Motorola, Inc. He also attended several professional programs on privatisation and leadership.


In 1998, following the death of military dictator Sani Abacha, his successor Abdulsalami Abubakar appointed El-Rufai as an economic advisor. In this role he worked with the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.[14] Following the 1999 presidential election, the military transferred power to President Olusegun Obasanjo giving rise to the Fourth Nigerian Republic.


In November 1999, he was appointed the director of the Bureau of Public Enterprises, and secretary of the National Council of Privatisation where he spearheaded the privatisation of several government owned corporations alongside Vice President Atiku Abubakar.

Minister of the Federal Capital Territory         Edit

In July 2003, he was appointed the Minister of the Federal Capital Territory. During his tenure, he presided over a radical transformation of the federal capital earlier riddled with corruption and vast deviation from the original masterplan. With the establishment of the Abuja Geographic Information System, the capital became the first municipality in Nigeria with a computerised land register and information system.

Along with the President and members of the Economic Management Team, he led the reform of the Nigerian public service which had become dysfunctional during years of military dictatorship. At various times during his tenure as Minister, he oversaw the Federal Ministries of Commerce (twice) and Interior. He also chaired several high-profile cabinet committees that led to the establishment of a mortgage system in Nigeria,  National ID card system for Nigeria, Electric Power Supply Improvement and the sale of Federal Government real estate in Abuja.

During the last days of the Obasanjo administration, Nuhu Ribadu, a one-time El-Rufai ally described him as the “de facto No. 2 official”, tagging him with the role of Vice President, especially after the fall-out between Obasanjo and his vice president Atiku Abubakar. It is believed that Obasanjo’s trust and confidence in El-Rufai angered a vast majority of the political class, which would later persecute him.


In 2008, following Umaru Yar’Adua rise to power, El-Rufai went into self-imposed exile and became a vocal critic of the administration. In exile, he received a law degree from the University of London in August 2008, and a master’s degree in public administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government of Harvard University in June 2009. He also received the Kennedy School Certificate in Public Policy and Management having spent 11 months as an Edward A. Mason Fellow in Public Policy and Management from July 2008 to June 2009.

In 2010, he returned to Nigeria and was subsequently arrested by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission. He explained his return was in order to clear his name of corruption charges. El-Rufai later joined party politics with the Congres for Progressive Change supporting Muhammadu Buhari’s campaign in the 2011 presidential election. In 2013, El-Rufai was appointed deputy national secretary of the newly formed All Progressives Congress (APC).


In 2014, following the APC governorship primaries El-Rufai emerged as the party’s candidate for Governor of Kaduna State. He went on to win the governorship election, securing over 1.1 million votes to defeat the incumbent Governor Mukhtar Ramalan Yero the candidate of the People’s Democratic Party. The election was upheld by the election petition tribunal in October 2015.

On 29 May 2015, El-Rufai was sworn in as the 22nd Governor of Kaduna State. In his inaugural address, he declared that he and his deputy were cutting their allowances by half pending an improvement in the state’s fiscal situation. On 6 August 2015, El-Rufai in one of his first acts as governor announced that Kaduna State will adopt the Treasury Single Account policy by 1 September of the same year. At the end of the exercise, 470 accounts belonging to different ministries, departments and agencies were closed and a sum of N24.7 billion was recovered and remitted to the Kaduna State Government TSA with the Central Bank of Nigeria.

El-Rufai also reformed the civil service in Kaduna State and reduced the number of ministries from 19 to 13 and the number of permanent secretaries from 35 to 18. In a bid to reduce the cost of governance, El-Rufai appointed only 13 commissioners, 10 special advisers and 12 special assistants as against the 24 commissioners, 41 special advisers and about 400 special assistants appointed by the previous administration. By blocking leakages and cutting the cost of running government, it is estimated that the El-Rufai administration was able to save N1.2 billion in just two months.

In January 2016, El-Rufai’s administration launched the School Feeding Programme, aimed at providing one free meal per day to 1.5 million pupils in public primary schools within the state. His administration also abolished the collection of fees and levies in public primary and junior secondary schools in Kaduna, thereby removing a financial burden of N3 billion from the parents.

On the March 9, 2019, El-Rufai was re-elected defeating the PDP opposition by over 200,000 votes.


 1. Colonel HAMEED IBRAHIM ALI (born 15 January 1955) is the current Comptroller General of the Nigerian Customs Service. A retired military officer, he previously served as Military Governor of Kaduna State from 1996 to 1998. After retirement, he became secretary of the Arewa Consultative Forum – a political and cultural association of leaders in Northern Nigeria.



Assumed office 27 August 2015

PRESIDENT: Muhammadu Buhari, Preceded by Abdullahi Dikko


In office 22 August 1996 – August 1998

PRESIDENT: Sani Abacha, Preceded by Lawal Jafaru Isa, Succeeded by Umar Farouk Ahmed


Born: 15 January 1955 (age 65) Dass, Northern Region, British Nigeria (now Dass, Bauchi, Nigeria)


POLITICAL PARTY: All Progressives Congress

ALMA MATER: Nigerian Defence Academy, Sam Houston State University

MILITARY SERVICE: Allegiance  Nigeria

BRANCH/SERVICE: Flag of the Nigerian Army Headquarters.svg

NIGERIAN ARMY: Years of service 1974-1998

RANK: Colonel

He is a member of the All Progressives Congress, and has supported Muhammadu Buhari’s presidential bids in 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015 and 2019. Coming from a Buharist political background, he has promoted trade protectionist and strict law and order policies within the Buhari administration.


Ali was born and raised in Dass, Bauchi State.


Ali was commissioned in 1977 after he received his training at the Nigerian Defence Academy in Kaduna. He attended Sam Houston State University from 1984 to 1988. And holds a bachelor’s and master’s degrees in criminology, and an educational certificate from the academy.

In 1981, Ali was a general staff officer in the Military Police Headquarters. In 1992, he was posted to the 1st Division in Kaduna, as a general staff officer. Ali was the commander of the Special Investigation Bureau in Apapa from 1994 to 1996. In 1998, Ali was made Colonel (Training) TRADOC, in Minna before being retired.



Ali served as the military administrator of Kaduna State from August 1996 to August 1998 during the military regime of General Sani Abacha. In October 1997, he sacked about 30,000 striking civil servants in the state, and detained 18 local government chairmen.

A journalist who reported on the story published an article in a local magazine, was allegedly arrested, severely beaten, then taken to the Government House and further tortured.[6] Ali later denied the allegations.


After his military retirement, he became secretary of the Arewa Consultative Forum – a political and cultural association of leaders in Northern Nigeria, and a supporter of Muhammadu Buhari’s presidential campaigns. Ali was a staunch opponent of Olusegun Obasanjo’s Third Term Agenda. In June 2006, Ali stated that the presidency would return to the North in the 2007 Nigerian general election. He later supported Atiku Abubakar’s comments to the effect that Obasanjo would honour his pledge to vacate office in 2007.

Head of the Nigerian Customs Service          Edit

On 27 August 2015, Ali was appointed the Comptroller General of the Nigerian Customs by President Muhammadu Buhari. In 2017, Ali had a confrontation with the Nigerian Senate over his refusal to appear in uniform.

As comptroller-general, he has been pragmatic in office, tackling many chronic problems in service including personnel shortage, corruption and border insecurity. The personnel shortage problem was solved with the recruitment of thousands of personnel for active duty. He has taken precautions to prevent corruption, using measures to ensure that funds are used prudently. He has introduced electronic clearing centres as part of measures to rid corruption. In 2019, Ali effected the closure of all land borders and subsequently imposed a ban on all imports and exports across the borders.


Ali is married to his wife and has four children.

2. Colonel UMAR FAROUK AHMED was Military Administrator of Cross River State, Nigeria (August 1996 – August 1998) during the military regime of General Sani Abacha. He was then appointed administrator of Kaduna State in August 1998 during the transitional regime of General Abdulsalami Abubakar, handing over power to the elected civilian governor Ahmed Mohammed Makarfi in May 1999. Shortly after, he was retired by the Federal Government, along with all other former military ministers, governors and administrators.


In office

August 1996 – August 1998

Preceded by Gregory Agboneni

Succeeded by Christopher Osondu


In office

August 1998 – May 1999

Preceded by Hammed Ali

Succeeded by Ahmed Mohammed Makarfi

Ahmed graduated from the Nigeria Defence Academy and the University of Jos, where he obtained an Advanced Diploma in Public Administration. He was commissioned in the army in 1976 as a platoon Battery Commander. Subsequent posts were Military Assistant (1986), General Staff Personnel Training Army Headquarters (1987), Academy Adjutant (1989) and Commanding Officer S.S Wing (1992).

In Cross River, his administration was said to be “most inept”. When leaving Kaduna, Ahmed handed over a debt N400 million to his successor, who refused to honor any of his commitments. The Kaduna State House of Assembly resolved to probe his tenure based on allegations of looting. In April 2001, he was one of 16 former military administrators who announced the creation of an association called the United Nigeria Development Forum (UNDF).

He later became a director of First Interstate Bank.


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